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Comparison of the transperitoneal and a semi-open retroperitoneal approach for right-sided laparoscopic donor nephrectomy

Zhen-Li Gao, Gang-Li Gu, Ji-Tao Wu, Lin Wang

Ann Transplant 2011; 16(4): 40-46

ID: 882217

Published: 2011-12-30

Background:    To investigate whether the retroperitoneal or transperitoneal approach is preferable for right-sided laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (R-LDN).
    Material/Methods:    We retrospectively compared the donor and recipient outcomes of R-LDNs performed with a standard transperitoneal approach (n=21) or a semi-open retroperitoneal approach (n=32).
    Results:    Patient demographics were similar between groups. The semi-open retroperitoneal group had shorter operative time (89.5 min vs. 105 min, p<0.001), shorter WIT (102 s vs. 120 s, p<0.001), and longer renal veins (2.5 cm vs. 2.2 cm, p<0.001). No conversions to open procedures occurred. There were no significant differences in the blood loss, length of hospital stay, or donor complication rate between the 2 groups. All grafts functioned adequately, and there were no significant differences in graft function, first-week hemodialysis, and serum creatinine level at discharge between the 2 groups The recipient complication rate was similar between the 2 groups (9.4% vs. 9.5%, p=0.986).
    Conclusions:    The semi-open retroperitoneal approach is safe and effective for R-LDN. Further study is required to evaluate long-term graft function.

Keywords: transplant, transperitoneal, right, RETROPERITONEAL, laparoscopic nephrectomy