eISSN 2329-0358


Get your full text copy in PDF

Single-dose thymoglobulin induction in living-donor renal transplantation

Peter Schenker, Arzu Ozturk, Oliver Vonend, Bernd Krüger, Martin Jazra, Andreas Wunsch, Bernhard K. Krämer, Richard Viebahn

Ann Transplant 2011; 16(2): 50-58

ID: 881865

Background:    The use of Thymoglobulin induction therapy in living-donor renal transplantation remains controversial. We aimed to evaluate outcomes in living-related donor (LRD) and living unrelated donor (LURD) renal transplants with Thymoglobulin induction.
    Material/Methods:    We retrospectively analysed the outcome of all Thymoglobulin induced living-donor renal transplants performed at our centre from 2002 to 2010.
    Results:    We reviewed 100 living-donor renal transplants (LRD=60; LURD=40) who received thymoglobulin induction (single dose, 1.5 mg/kg bodyweight) with a mean follow-up of 52.6±31.9 months. Although baseline characteristics of the LRD and LURD groups were similar, differences were noted for recipient age, gender, and HLA-matching. Overall, the estimated 5-year patient survival was 92% and graft survival, 83%. The 1- and 5-year patient survival rates were 97.4% and 90.7% for LRD and 98.3% and 92.2% for LURD (P=0.79), respectively. Cumulative graft survival (LRD vs. LURD) rates were 93% vs. 95% after 1 year and 80% vs. 88% after 5 years (P=0.53). Kidney graft function was comparable for both the groups. Acute rejection was observed in 17% LRD and 35% LURD patients (P=0.035). Further, 10% of the patients experienced delayed graft function (LRD 11% vs. LURD 8%; P=NS). Rates of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection (10%), polyomavirus infection (5%), malignancy (4%), and lymphoproliferative disorder (0%) were low, with no differences between the 2 groups.
    Conclusions:    Single-dose thymoglobulin induction in living-donor renal transplantation was associated with high patient and graft survival without increasing the risk of infections or malignancy and without significant differences between LRD and LURD patients.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree