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18 October 2019 : Original article  

Psychosocial Issues Related to Donor’s Decision-Making in Living Donor Liver Transplantation

Seunghyong Ryu12ACE, Se Chang Yoon3B, Ki Eun Hong3B, Jong Man Kim4ADE*

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.916340

Ann Transplant 2019; 24:576-583


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the detailed motives, concerns, and psychological defensiveness of living liver donor candidates in a Korean population.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed data of 102 donor candidates obtained from routine psychosocial evaluation for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using descriptive methods. Donor candidates completed 2 questionnaires regarding their motivations and concerns, as well as a validity scale, the K scale from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2.

RESULTS: Donor candidates were more likely to cite family-related issues (77.5% to 94.1%) including well-being of the whole family and family affection as the reasons for their liver donation rather than personal motives (38.2% to 57.8%). Donors were also more likely to concern about the recipient’s survival and recovery (52.9% to 58.8%) rather than their own difficulties such as surgical complications and occupational disadvantages (19.6% to 38.2%). Twenty-six donors (25.5%) took a psychologically defensive attitude (T-score of K scale ≥65) during the pre-donation evaluation. Psychologically defensive donors expressed a significantly lower level of concern about liver donation compared to non-defensive donors (P<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: We need to pay more attention to the family-related issues and psychological defensiveness of living liver donor candidates when evaluating psychosocial status before LDLT.

Keywords: Decision Making, Liver Transplantation, Living Donors, Psychology, Adolescent, Directed Tissue Donation, Family Relations, Motivation, Republic of Korea, Surveys and Questionnaires, Tissue and Organ Procurement, young adult

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Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358