Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

13 September 2019 : Original article  

Hepatitis B Vaccination in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Evaluated for Liver Transplantation – A Simple Intervention Ensures High Adherence

Toni Herta1ABCDE, David Petroff2C, Cornelius Engelmann1B, Adam Herber1B, Niklas Aehling1B, Uwe Scheuermann3B, Michael Bartels4B, Daniel Seehofer3B, Thomas Berg1B, Johannes Wiegand1ABCDE*

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.917198

Ann Transplant 2019; 24:527-531


BACKGROUND: There is an unmet need to improve the HBV vaccination status in patients with chronic liver diseases. Primary care physicians and outpatient hepatologists often fail to vaccinate as recommended. Thus, new strategies to improve the HBV vaccination rate are required.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was performed in a cohort of patients with chronic liver diseases evaluated for liver transplantation. Vaccination status was taken from the patients’ vaccination cards. HBsAg-, anti-HBc-, and anti-HBs-negative individuals were vaccinated against HBV at hospital discharge, and subsequent outpatient completion of the standard vaccination protocol was recommended in detail in the discharge letter. At months 2 and 8, titer controls were performed, and completion of vaccination was evaluated.

RESULTS: We prospectively recruited 37 patients. At baseline, the vaccination rate against HBV was 24% (N=9/37), and 3/9 HBV vaccinated patients presented with an anti-HBs-titer >10 IU/L. Thus, N=34 were vaccinated with Engerix® or Twinrix®. We evaluated 26/34 patients at month 2 and 10/26 again at month 8. The second vaccine dose was obtained by 21/26 (80%) of the patients seen at month 2, and 9/10 (90%) seen at month 8 obtained the third vaccine dose by primary care physicians or ambulant hepatologists. Only 2 patients presented with an anti-HBs-titer >10 IU/L at month 8.

CONCLUSIONS: Initiation of HBV vaccination during hospitalization and detailed recommendations on subsequent vaccinations in the discharge letter improve previously inadequate vaccination rates in the outpatient setting. Similar measures should be implemented at earlier time points of chronic liver diseases to achieve higher immune response rates.

Keywords: End stage liver disease, Hepatitis B Antibodies, Vaccination, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis B Surface Antigens, Liver Cirrhosis, Liver Transplantation, Patient Compliance, Prospective Studies, Viral Hepatitis Vaccines

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

Original article  

Engraftment Syndrome in Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients: Incidence, Associated Risk ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944043  

Original article  

Comparative Study of Acute Kidney Injury in Liver Transplantation: Donation after Circulatory Death versus ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944077  

Original article  

Abnormal Liver Biopsies of Donor Grafts in Pediatric Liver Transplantation: How Do They Fare?

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944245  

Original article  

Kidney After Lung Transplants or Combined Kidney–Lung Transplantation: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944049  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article   12,433

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

22 Nov 2022 : Original article   9,299

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

12 Jan 2022 : Original article   8,875

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

15 Mar 2022 : Case report   6,675

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358