Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

12 November 2019 : Original article  

Effects of Wuzhi Capsules on Blood Concentration of Tacrolimus in Renal Transplant Recipients

Lin Yan1ADEF, Zhi-Qiang Yang1EF, Yun-Ying Shi2EG, Jing Ren1C, Cui-Li Yang1B, Zheng-Li Wan1B, Yang-Juan Bai1D, Li-Mei Luo1G, Lan-Lan Wang1DG, Yi Li1ADG*

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.918980

Ann Transplant 2019; 24:594-604


BACKGROUND: Tacrolimus is a widely used immunosuppressant in renal transplant recipients. It was demonstrated in rats and healthy volunteers that Wuzhi capsules could inhibit metabolism and maintain blood concentration of tacrolimus. However, there are no clinical studies of Wuzhi capsules in renal transplant recipients. This research aimed to assess the effect of Wuzhi capsules on the blood concentration of tacrolimus in renal transplant recipients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 158 Chinese renal transplant recipients receiving tacrolimus with or without Wuzhi capsules were included in this retrospective study. The cohort study included 126 recipients, with 86 recipients receiving Wuzhi capsules (WZCs) and the other 40 recipients not receiving WZCs. Another 32 recipients were involved in a self-control study.

RESULTS: Dose- and body weight-adjusted trough concentrations (C0/D/W) of tacrolimus in the WZC group were found to be significantly higher than that in the non-WZC group (P<0.05). The improvement of C0/D/W by administration of Wuzhi capsules was more significant in CYP3A5 expressers than in non-expressers following subgroup analysis. Furthermore, the WZC group had a remarkably higher proportion of subjects who reached target tacrolimus concentration than in the non-WZC group, both in CYP3A5 expressers (P=0.01) and non-expressers (P<0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis and self-control analysis confirmed the positive impact of Wuzhi capsules on tacrolimus concentration (P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Wuzhi capsules can increase tacrolimus trough concentration without adverse effects on allograft function, especially in CYP3A5 expressers. Efficient and convenient immunosuppressive effects on renal transplant recipients can be achieved by treatment including administration of Wuzhi capsules.

Keywords: Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A, Drugs, Chinese Herbal, Kidney Transplantation, Tacrolimus, Capsules, Cohort Studies, Immunosuppressive Agents, Living Donors, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, young adult

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

Original article  

Engraftment Syndrome in Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients: Incidence, Associated Risk ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944043  

Original article  

Comparative Study of Acute Kidney Injury in Liver Transplantation: Donation after Circulatory Death versus ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944077  

Original article  

Abnormal Liver Biopsies of Donor Grafts in Pediatric Liver Transplantation: How Do They Fare?

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944245  

Original article  

Kidney After Lung Transplants or Combined Kidney–Lung Transplantation: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944049  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article   12,404

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

22 Nov 2022 : Original article   9,258

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

12 Jan 2022 : Original article   8,843

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

15 Mar 2022 : Case report   6,648

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358