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28 February 2020 : Original article  

Efficacy and Safety of a Quadruple Regimen Compared with Triple Regimens in Patients with Mycophenolic Acid-Related Gastrointestinal Complications After Renal Transplantation: A Short-Term Single-Center Study

Zhiguo Peng1BDE, Wanhua Xian1C, Huaibin Sun1F, Engang Li1C, Lina Geng1D, Jun Tian1AG*

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.919875

Ann Transplant 2020; 25:e919875

Abstract

BACKGROUND: At present, there is no ideal conventional triple regimen that can effectively treat gastrointestinal (GI) complications in patients after kidney transplantation. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of a quadruple regimen including standard-dose tacrolimus, low-dose enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS), low-dose mizoribine (MZR), and corticosteroids, compared with regimens containing standard-dose tacrolimus, corticosteroids, plus either low-dose EC-MPS or standard-dose MZR in patients with mycophenolic acid (MPA)-related GI complications after renal transplantation.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between August 2016 and October 2018 in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, 115 living donor kidney transplant recipients with MPA-related GI complications were enlisted in a single-center, prospective, randomized, control study. Thirty-six recipients were assigned to the low-dose EC-MPS plus low-dose MZR group, 37 recipients were assigned to the low-dose EC-MPS group, and 39 recipients were assigned to the standard-dose MZR group. We analyzed the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), graft rejection, serum creatinine, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibody, and the occurrence of adverse events among the 3 groups.

RESULTS: Compared with baseline, gastrointestinal symptoms improved significantly in all 3 groups. The reduction in mean subscale scores from baseline to month 3 was more significant in the standard-dose MZR group compared with the other 2 groups. The low-dose EC-MPS plus low-dose MZR group had better renal function. The incidence of graft rejection and cytomegalovirus (CMV) and polyomavirus BK (BKV) infection, as well as the incidence of hyperuricemia, in the low-dose EC-MPS plus low-dose MZR group were all significantly reduced.

CONCLUSIONS: This quadruple regimen may be equivalent to regimens containing standard-dose tacrolimus, corticosteroids plus either low-dose EC-MPS or standard-dose MZR in improving GI symptoms after kidney transplant, and is also advantageous for kidney function, graft rejection, and the rates of adverse events.

Keywords: Gastrointestinal Diseases, Immunosuppression, Kidney Transplantation, Adrenal Cortex Hormones, Drug Therapy, Combination, Graft Rejection, Immunosuppressive Agents, Mycophenolic Acid, Postoperative Complications, Prospective Studies, Ribonucleosides, Tacrolimus, young adult

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Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358