Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

03 December 2019 : Original article  

An Update on Early Urological Complications in Kidney Transplantation: A National Cohort Study

Moira H.D. Bruintjes12ABCDEF*, Frank C.H. d’Ancona2ACDE, Xiaoye Zhu2CDE, Andries J. Hoitsma3ABDE, Michiel C. Warlé1ABCDE

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.920086

Ann Transplant 2019; 24:617-624

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to provide an update on the occurrence of early urological complications in living-donor and deceased-donor kidney transplantation (KTX).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on all kidney transplant recipients in the Netherlands between January 2005 and December 2015 were retrieved from the prospectively collected Dutch National Organ Transplant Registry Database (NOTR). We assessed the incidence of major urological complications (MUCs) within 3 months after KTX, defined as urinary leakage and ureteral obstruction. Outcomes of living donor and deceased donor kidney transplants were compared. We performed regression analysis to identify predictive factors of urological complications and studied the influence of early urological complications on graft and patient survival. We performed an additional sub-study to explore the influence of preservation of the peri-ureteric connective tissue in living-donor KTX on the occurrence of urological complications.

RESULTS: Among 3329 kidney transplant recipients, urological complications occurred in 208 patients (6.2%) within 3 months after surgery. There were no significant differences in complication rates between recipients from living donors and deceased donors. Multiple regression analysis showed that older donor age and previous cardiac events of the recipient were predictors for the development of urological complications. Graft and patient survival were not affected by early MUCs. The additional sub-study showed that preservation of peri-ureteric tissue within living-donor KTX was not independently associated with urological complications.

CONCLUSIONS: Many living- and deceased-donor KTX recipients have early urological complications. MUCs did not affect long-term graft or patient survival.

Keywords: Anastomotic Leak, Kidney Transplantation, Postoperative Complications, Ureteral Obstruction, Cohort Studies, Graft Survival, Incidence, Living Donors, Netherlands, Prospective Studies, Registries, Risk Factors, Urinary Incontinence

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

Original article  

Engraftment Syndrome in Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients: Incidence, Associated Risk ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944043  

Original article  

Comparative Study of Acute Kidney Injury in Liver Transplantation: Donation after Circulatory Death versus ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944077  

Original article  

Abnormal Liver Biopsies of Donor Grafts in Pediatric Liver Transplantation: How Do They Fare?

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944245  

Original article  

Kidney After Lung Transplants or Combined Kidney–Lung Transplantation: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944049  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article   12,404

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

22 Nov 2022 : Original article   9,258

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

12 Jan 2022 : Original article   8,843

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

15 Mar 2022 : Case report   6,648

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358