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04 July 2022 : Original article  

[In Press] Risk Factors for Erythrocytosis in Renal Transplantation: Is Ganciclovir Therapy One of Them?

Fatma Özge Kayhan Koçak1ABCDEF, Musa Bali2ADEF

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.936814

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.936814  

Available online: 2022-07-04, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule


The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and risk factors of post-transplant erythrocytosis (PTE) and its relationship with cytomegalovirus (CMV).
The study consisted of patients who received a kidney allograft and followed-up in our nephrology transplantation clinic from 2000 to 2014. Patient age, sex, length of dialysis, etiology of end-stage kidney disease, date of transplantation, medications, types of donors, the development of PTE were recorded.
Among 185 adult kidney recipients, 43 (23.2%) had PTE. The average time between transplantation and diagnosis was 36 months. PTE was more common in male patients (P<0.05) and patients with living donors and those who had been treated with ganciclovir after transplantation (P<0.05). There were 79 patients treated for CMV – 54 in the non-PTE group and 24 in the PTE group. There was no significant difference in patient age, etiology of end-stage kidney disease, and immunosuppressive therapy when comparing the PTE group and non-PTE group. Univariate analysis showed ganciclovir therapy was significantly associated with PTE. However, this was not seen in the multivariate analyses.
Treatment with ganciclovir can precipitate development of PTE. Prospective studies are needed to assess the association of between PTE and CMV infection, valganciclovir, and ganciclovir.

Keywords: Cytomegalovirus; Ganciclovir; Kidney Transplantation; Polycythemia; Risk Factors

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Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358