Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

17 March 2023 : Original article  

[In Press] Levels of Procollagen Type I C-Terminal Pro-Peptide and Galectin-3, Arterial Stiffness Measured By Pulse Wave Velocity, and Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality in 44 Patients 2 Years After Kidney Transplantation

Madonna Salib1CDEFG, Nicolas Girerd1ADE, Arnaud Simon2BF, Anna Kearney-Schwartz34ADE, Kévin Duarte1BCD, Céline Leroy1B, Patrick Rossignol1DE, Athanase Benetos34BE, Luc Frimat2DE, Sophie Girerd12ADE

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.938137

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.938137  

Available online: 2023-03-17, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule


Cardiovascular (CV) mortality remains high despite the improvement of kidney function after kidney transplantation. In heart failure (HF), high concentrations of biomarkers of fibrosis, related to cardiac and/or vascular impairment, are associated with CV outcomes, but their significance in kidney transplantation is still unclear. Our aim was to investigate the association of procollagen type I C-terminal pro-peptide (PICP) and galectin-3 (Gal-3), markers of fibrosis, with arterial stiffness measured by pulse wave velocity (PWV) and CV morbi-mortality in kidney transplantation recipients from the prospective monocenter TRANSARTE study (Transplantation and Arteries), which compared the evolution of arterial stiffness in transplanted patients and patients remained on dialysis.
PICP and Gal-3 were measured at 2 years after transplantation in 44 kidney transplantation patients. Spearman’s rank-order correlation analysis was conducted to assess the relationship between biomarkers and PWV. Association of biomarkers with CV morbi-mortality was evaluated using Cox regression analysis adjusted for age, renal function, and PWV.
There was no significant correlation between PWV and PICP (r=-0.16, P=0.3) or Gal-3 (r=0.03, P=0.85). Gal-3, after adjusting for key prognostic factors, including PWV, was significantly associated with CV morbi-mortality [HR (95% CI)=4.30 (1.01-18.22), P=0.048], whereas PICP was not significantly associated with outcome.
In multivariable adjusted analysis, elevated Gal-3 concentrations were associated with CV morbi-mortality in kidney transplantation patients, whereas PICP was not. As Gal-3 was not related to PWV, other sources of fibrosis (eg, cardiac fibrosis) may be underlying the prognostic value of Gal-3 in kidney transplantation.

Keywords: Cardiovascular Diseases; Fibrosis; Kidney Transplantation; Pulse Wave Analysis; Vascular Stiffness; Galectin-3, Human; Procollagen Type I Carboxy Terminal Peptide


06 December 2022 : Original article  

Changes in Physical Activity Due to Fear of COVID-19 and Its Impact on Depression Among Post-Liver Transpla...

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e938239

12 April 2022 : Letter/Correspondence  

Pancreas Allograft Thrombosis as a Post-COVID-19 Complication in a Diabetic Patient After Pancreas Transpla...

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935863

12 November 2021 : Original article  

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: A Case-Control Study

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933152

In Press

27 Mar 2023 : Original article  

Outcomes of Kidney Transplantation in Older Recipients

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.938692  

27 Mar 2023 : Original article  

The Incidence of Brain-Dead Donors Based on Screening and Management Led by Intensivists

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939521  

22 Mar 2023 : Original article  

Effect of Sodium Bicarbonate Ringer’s Solution on Intraoperative Blood Gas Analysis and Postoperative Recov...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939097  

17 Mar 2023 : Original article  

Converting from Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate to Tenofovir Alafenamide in Patients with Hepatitis B Followi...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.938731  

Most Viewed Current Articles

24 Aug 2021 : Review article  

Normothermic Machine Perfusion (NMP) of the Liver – Current Status and Future Perspectives

DOI :10.12659/AOT.931664

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e931664

26 Jan 2022 : Review article  

Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation: Risk Factors and Predictive Models

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934924

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934924

29 Dec 2021 : Original article  

Efficacy and Safety of Tacrolimus-Based Maintenance Regimens in De Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Sys...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.933588

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933588

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358