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04 May 2021: Review Paper

Current Status of Ultrasound in Acute Rejection After Renal Transplantation: A Review with a Focus on Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound

Qiang Zhou AEF* , Yanjie Yu AE* , Wenhan Qin BC** , Youmin Pu BE** , Shuang Hu D** , Maozhi Tang F*** , Xiaosong Xu B*** , Hongwen Zhao AE*

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.929729

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e929729

Table 1 Results from the review of studies.

AuthorYearStudy designSample size (n=)RI (mean±SD)TTP (mean±SD)Method of examinationGeographic region
Drudi []14 2014Case-control79790.77±0.120.67±0.05CDUSGerman
Imankulov []15 2015Observational1420.5–0.60.8CDUSKazakhstan
Lebkowska []17 2009Observational-180.72±0.20CEUSPoland
Seiler []18 2012Observational-870.69±0.07CDUSGerman
Zhu []21 2010Case-control15300.75±0.1000.66±0.063DUSChina
Wang []28 2011Case-control41589.13±2.646.26±1.44CEUSChina
Liang []29 2012Case-control121930.08±10.8124.75±7.36CEUSChina
Zhang []30 2014Case-control12620.58±2.6719.63±3.47CEUSChina
Jin []31 2015Case-control24230.76 (0.63, 0.89)* CEUSChina
Zhang []33 2012Case-control20100.810.65CEUSChina
Benozzi []34 2009Case-control2540.73±0.080.72±0.0619.75±11.2914±5.78CEUSItaly
* AUCROC (95% CI) of ΔTTPm-c;
T1 – AR group; T2 – Well-functioning allografts group; CDUS – color Doppler ultrasound; 3DUS – three-dimension ultrasound; CEUS – contrast-enhanced ultrasound.

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Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358