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04 June 2021: Original Paper

Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Kidney Transplantation in Saudi Arabia: Outcomes and Future Opportunities

Ali Alshaqaq 1ABCDEF* , Abdulnaser Al Abadi 1ACF , Abdulrahman Altheaby 2ABF , Mohammed A. Bukhari 3ABF , Basil Nasrallah 1AB , Alaa Alamoudi 4AB , Ziad Arabi 2A , Fayez Alhejaili 2B , Khalid Bin Saad 2A , Ahmed Busbaih 5B , Mohammed Abdelrahim Idris 1AB , Sumayah Askandarani 1AB , Meteb M. AlBugami 1A , Fahad E. Alotaibi 1E , Khaled Hamawi 1E , Khalid Bel’eed Akkari 1ACE

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.931832

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e931832

Table 2 Clinical presentation and initial investigations.

FactorsResults (n=130)*
 Fatigue81 (62.3%)
 Fever78 (60%)
 Cough75 (57.7%)
 Shortness of breath38 (29.2%)
 Diarrhea33 (25.4%)
 Nausea/vomiting29 (22.3%)
 Headache27 (20.8%)
 Alteration in taste or smell25 (19.2%)
 Abnormal chest X-ray43 (33.1%)
 White blood cell count ×10/La 5.75±2.39
 Absolute lymphocyte count1.22±0.88
 Creatinine at presentation (μmol/L)** 99 (79–131.5)
 Procalcitonin (ng/mL)c 0.24 (0.13–0.79)
 C-reactive protein (mg/L)d 40.4 (15.4–80)
 D-dimer (μg/L)e 1.05 (0.59–1.4)
* Results are expressed as mean±standard deviation, median (25–75 percentile) and number (percentage);
** patients with graft failure were excluded.
a White blood cell count (normal range 4.5–11×10/L);
b creatinine (normal range 62–115 μmol/L);
c procalcitonin (normal range 0–0.1 ng/mL);
d C-reactive protein (normal range 0–5 mg/L);
e D-dimer (normal range 0–0.55 μg/L).

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Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358