Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

13 March 1998

Protection of Heart and Rejection of Lymphocyte Allografts from the Same Donor in Recipients of Donor-Specific Transfusions

M Jasklowska-Englisz, W L Olszewski, M Maksymowicz, A Ziolkowska

Ann Transplant 1998; 3(1): 28-33 :: ID: 497368


Organ allografts survive in hosts treated with immunosuppressive drugs. The question arises as to whether cells isolated from organ or tissue of an allogeneic donor and transplanted to a genetically disparate recipient can also benefit from the immunosuppressive regimen. We reported previously that the DST (donor specific transfusion) recipients accept heart allografts but reject hyperacutely Lv. infused lymphocytes from the same as DST donor. The present study was devoted to elucidation of the mechanism of these divergent processes. Syngeneic BN hearts and mesenteric lymph node lymphocytes were transplanted to LEW rats pretreated one week previously with donor specific blood transfusions. The allogeneic BN lymphocytes transplanted Lv. to l:EW rats receiving one BN DST were rejected hyperacutely within 6hrs, whereas BN heart grafts transplanted to the BN DST-treated LEW recipients survived 14 :t 2 days. Adoptive transfer of LEW anti-BN DST sera to naive LEW rats caused destruction of the transplanted BN lymphocytes. The LEW BN DST recipients possessed IgG and IgM class alloantibodies binding to BN lymphocytes and heart endothelial cells. mAbs against MHC class I (OX 18) and class II (OX6) antigens neither blocked binding of antibodies of DST-recipient sera to BN lymphocytes nor protected the preincubated BN lymphocytes against destruction after transplantation. Western blot analysis revealed that alloantibodies from DST -recipient sera bound strongly to BN lymphocyte membrane proteins of 60 kd m.w. but not to 45kd and 30kd MHC class I and II proteins. Taken together, DST has no protective effect on intravenously transplanted cells. In contrast, it accelerates the rejection. Alloantibodies present in DST-recipient sera "shield" antigens on the surface of organ allograft endothelial cells. thereby protecting them from recognition and cytotoxic effect. Simultaneously. these alloantibodies "opsonize" the intravenously transplanted lymphocytes and facilitate their halting in lymphoid organs and subsequent lysis. Antibodies other than those directed against MHC seem to mediate both these processes. The results of these studies provide also evidence that the effector mechanism of rejection may be different depending on location of the graft. in the lymphoid as in case of transplanted lymphocytes or in non-lymphoid tissues as heart grafts.

Keywords: Heart Transplant, donor-specific transfusion, Lymphocytes


Most Viewed Current Articles

26 Jan 2022 : Review article  

Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation: Risk Factors and Predictive Models

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934924

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934924

24 Aug 2021 : Review article  

Normothermic Machine Perfusion (NMP) of the Liver – Current Status and Future Perspectives

DOI :10.12659/AOT.931664

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e931664

29 Dec 2021 : Original article  

Efficacy and Safety of Tacrolimus-Based Maintenance Regimens in De Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Sys...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.933588

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933588

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358