11 October 2016 : Original article
Long-Term Effect of Body Mass Index Changes on Graft Damage Markers in Patients After Kidney TransplantationIlona KurnatowskaABCDEFG, Aneta MałyskaBCDE, Kamila WysockaBCDE, Katarzyna MazurBCDE, Joanna KrawczykBCDG, Michał NowickiADEFG
Ann Transplant 2016; 21:626-631
BACKGROUND: Both adiposity and underweight are negatively associated with graft and patient survival after kidney transplantation (KTx). The aim of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the changes in body mass index (BMI) after KTx and their relations with graft damage markers.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The anthropometric measurements of body mass and height were performed in 92 consecutive deceased donor kidney transplant recipients (37 F; 55 M) from a single transplant center. Patient medical history, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), serum lipids, and ACR (urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio) was obtained from medical charts.
RESULTS: KTx recipients were on average 3.4±2.5 years after transplantation. Mean body BMI before KTx were 25.3±4.3 kg/m2 and increased after transplantation to 27.0±4.6 kg/m² (p=0.01). BMI increase after KTx was noted in 65% of recipients, most often in patients with normal pre-KTx BMI. Kidney function was better in patients with normal post-KTx BMI (55.2±15.8 ml/min/1.73 m²) than in obese patients (48.0±20.3 ml/min/1.73 m², p<0.05). Patients with normal post-KTx BMI had lower ACR (31.9±18.1 mg/g) than overweight (117.4±53.6 mg/g, p<0.05) and obese patients (280.0±81.7 mg/g, p<0.05). There were no differences in the mean BMI changes in recipients who received cyclosporine A or tacrolimus.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients after KTx showed an increase of BMI greater in those with normal pre-transplant body mass. The change in BMI over time has no effect on the graft function or magnitude of albuminuria. Overweight and obese patients after KTx have higher albuminuria and worse graft function than those with normal BMI. The type of calcineurin inhibitor has no effect on body mass after KTx.
Keywords: Body Mass Index, Kidney Function Tests, Kidney Transplantation
10 Nov 2023 : Original articleEffects of Preservation of Donor Liver Gastroduodenal Artery on Post-Transplant Biliary Complications in 18...
Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.941699
07 Nov 2023 : Original articleAllogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Can Improve Prognosis of Extramedullary Infiltration Pos...
Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.942197
06 Nov 2023 : Original articleClinical Outcomes of Administration of Rituximab for Desensitization in Liver Transplant Patients with Pref...
Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.941456
Most Viewed Current Articles
24 Aug 2021 : Review articleNormothermic Machine Perfusion (NMP) of the Liver – Current Status and Future Perspectives
Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e931664
26 Jan 2022 : Review articleRecurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation: Risk Factors and Predictive Models
Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934924
29 Dec 2021 : Original articleEfficacy and Safety of Tacrolimus-Based Maintenance Regimens in De Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Sys...
Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933588