Cyclosporine use in miscellaneous clinical settings other than organ transplantations: Is there any evidence for target levels?
Hundie Tesfaye, Richard Prusa, Blanka Jedlickova, Jitka Segethova
Ann Transplant 2008; 13(4): 34-40
Background: Cyclosporine, once a corner stone in organ transplantation for decades, its use is expanded to treat several autoimmune conditions despite lacking profound evidence for its advantages. The aim of the retrospective study was to evaluate differences in trough blood levels of cyclosporine in some clinical indications other than transplantation.
Material/Methods: Blood cyclosporine trough levels determined by ï¬‚uorescent polarization immunoassay (FPIA) TDx Abbott Diagnostics for TDM purpose in one year period was pooled from laboratory data-base. Total of 304 levels from 45 patients (26 males: 19 females) aged 2-62 years, who were on oral cyclosporine daily maintenance dose for conditions like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), atopic dermatitis (ADS), idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), dermatopolymyositis (DMS), and cardiomyopathy (CMP) were included.
Results: Cyclosporine trough was undetectable in 27 occasions, with maximum1213 μg/L, mode 74 ug/L, median 91 ug/L, mean 104.4±119.5 ug/L SD, and SE 6.85 respectively. Despite poorly defined target, most clinicians desired trough concentrations not exceeding 100 μg/L, aiming to reduce toxicity. In this respect, nearly 35% were above this point, whereas 8% were below the detection limit of the method. There were no significant differences in concentrations within diagnostic groups except for ADS versus ITP (p<0.0039).
Conclusions: Extended use of cyclosporine in several autoimmune diseases is promising. However, no evidence-based target levels in miscellaneous indications. Studies are needed to demonstrate overall benefits of CSA in relation to trough level and dynamic indicators (biomarkers) like expression of IL-2 and its receptor as targeted cell products in the future.
Keywords: hla class I, Cyclosporine, therapeutic use, granuloma annulare, localized, tacrolimus, calcineurin inhibitors