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06 January 1997

Human NK cells demonstrate increased adherence and lysis of porcine endothelium following activation with IL-2

B Kwiatkowski, J H Artrip, R E Michler, S Itescu

Ann Transplant 1997; 2(1): 21-25 :: ID: 497127


Background.For clinicalxenotransplantation of pig organs to be successful,the significantbarriers of host cellularimmunity against the pigwill need to be overcome. Natural killer (NK) cells appear to play an important role in rejection of discordant xenografts, and IL-2 activated human NK cells are cytotoxic to human endothelium. We addressed the role of IL-2 activated human and baboon NK cells in the primate immune response to pig xenoantigens in vivo and in vitro. Methods. Human natural killer (NK) cells were isolated from pooled human peripheral mononuclear cells (PBMC) using density gradient centrifugation method. Phenotype of isolated cells was confirmed by flow cytometry. Purified NK cells were than tasted for spontaneous and IL-2 augmented adhesion and lysis of cultured pig aortic endothelial cells (PAEC) monolayers in a short-term 51 Cr-release assay. The effects of human macrophage derived cytokines TNF alpha and IL-I on adhesion of IL-2 activated NK cells were studied. Results. Human NK cells demonstrate prominent adherent and lytic activity against pig endothelium, which can be significandy augmented by IL-2. Macrophage derived cytokines can further augment the adherent properties of these NK cells. Conclusions These result suggest that human NK cells are likely to playa significant role in rejection of pig-to-human xenograft

Keywords: Xenotransplantation, NKcells, interleukin 2, Endothelium, pig

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Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358