06 December 2003
The effect of chronic allograft rejection on plasma regulators of fibrinolysis.Agnieszka Perkowska, As A Elhasade, M M Durlik, G G Placha, Z Z Gałazka, M M Lao, Z Z Gaciong
Ann Transplant 2002; 7(1): 44-51 :: ID: 5559
Chronic renal allograft rejection is often associated with the presence of fibrin thrombi in the microcirculation. Our purpose was to evaluate the influence of chronic rejection on fibrinolytic regulators in plasma of renal allograft recipients. We evaluated the concentration and activities of tPA, uPA and PAI-I in plasma from kidney allograft recipients. We studied 64 patients who underwent kidney transplantation from cadaveric allograft donors. At the time of the study 38 patients had stable graft function for at least 6 months proceeding the study, and 26 recipients had biopsy-proven chronic rejection of the kidney transplant. Control group included 30 healthy blood donors. In kidney transplant recipients we found significantly higher plasma tPA activity (median: 0.99 IU/ml; range: 0-3.8 IU/ml) in comparison to healthy controls (median: 0.15 IU/ml; range: 0-2.8 IU/ml) (p = 0.002) as well as significantly lower plasma PAI-I activity (median: 7.06 U/ml; range: 0-33.2 U/ml) in comparison to healthy controls (median: 21.8 U/ml; range: 0-36.7 U/ml), (p = 0.0001). Among transplant recipients, PAI-I plasma activity in recipients with chronic graft rejection (median: 10.16 U/ml; range: 0-33.2 U/ml) was significantly higher than in patients with stable graft function (median: 4.83 U/ml; range: 0-22.9 U/ml), (p = 0.01). In transplant recipients with stable graft function and poorly controlled hypertension we found significantly higher PAI-I plasma activity in comparison to recipients with normal blood pressure (p = 0.006). In kidney transplant recipients there was a positive correlation between the dose of prednisone and PAI-I activity in plasma (p = 0.01) and an association between BMI value and plasma PAI-I activity (p = 0.008), as well as an association between BMI value and plasma tPA-Ant concentration (p = 0.006). Among transplant recipients, patients treated with ACE inhibitors had significantly lower uPA plasma activity than the rest of the group (p = 0.003). In recipients with stable graft function we found a correlation between CsA concentration and tPA activity (p = 0.04), as well as an association between the dose of CsA and uPA-Ant concentration in plasma (p = 0.049). In patients with chronic graft rejection we found a negative correlation between the dose of prednisone and uPA-Ant plasma level (p = 0.004). Renal allograft recipients have higher tPA and lower PAI-I activities in plasma in comparison to healthy individuals. Chronic allograft rejection, is as well as poorly controlled hypertension, seem to be associated with an increase PAI-I plasma activity. In kidney graft recipients there is a relation between the value of BMI and the activity and concentration of tPA-Ant as well as the value of BMI and the PAI-I activity in plasma. Poorly controlled hypertension is associated with an increase in PAI-I plasma activity. The results of our study suggest a stimulatory effect of CsA on tPA and PAI-I plasma activities as well as on uPA-Ant concentration, while prednisone in turn seems to enhance PAI-I activity in plasma and decrease uPA expression. In renal allograft recipients ACE inhibitors seem to reduce uPA plasma activity.
02 Jun 2023 : Original articleSurvival analysis of transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy under different diagnostic criteria a...
Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939890
17 May 2023 : Original articleResults of Liver Retransplantation After Rescue Hepatectomy: A Single-Center Study
Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939557
10 May 2023 : Original articleIncidence of Thromboembolic Complications Following Kidney Transplantation with Short and Extended Aspirin ...
Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939143
Most Viewed Current Articles
24 Aug 2021 : Review articleNormothermic Machine Perfusion (NMP) of the Liver – Current Status and Future Perspectives
Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e931664
26 Jan 2022 : Review articleRecurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation: Risk Factors and Predictive Models
Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934924
29 Dec 2021 : Original articleEfficacy and Safety of Tacrolimus-Based Maintenance Regimens in De Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Sys...
Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933588
15 Mar 2022 : Case reportCombined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...
Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860