Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

24 February 2001

Subclinical rejection--a potential surrogate marker for chronic rejection--may be diagnosed by protocol biopsy or urine spectroscopy

D Rush, R Somorjai, R Deslauriers, A Shaw, J Jeffery, P Nickerson

Ann Transplant 2000; 5(2): 44-49 :: ID: 766708


Our studies of protocol biopsy studies have shown that normal allograft histology can not be assumed by crude tests of renal function such as the serum creatinine concentration, and that there is a high prevalence of subclinical rejection in the first 6 months post-transplant (7, 13-17). The apparent ability of urine MR and IR spectra to reliably identify patients with normal allograft histology, if confirmed in a larger database, will preclude the need for a protocol biopsy in approximately 20-50% of patients. Conversely, finding urine MR or IR spectra characteristic of subclinical rejection would provide the opportunity for early treatment. The clear separation between patients with normal histology from those with subclinical rejection can be attributed to the use of the whole urine spectrum to develop the classifiers. Additional advantages of using MR or IR spectra of urine as a diagnostic tool compared to the biopsy include simplicity (i.e. no processing is required), low cost, rapid turnaround (i.e. < 15 minutes/sample), and, particularly, low risk, thus allowing for repetitive sampling. The ability to non-invasively diagnose acute inflammation in the kidney would be of great assistance in the post-transplant monitoring of renal transplant patients. Indeed, by following subclinical inflammation as detected in the MR/IR spectra it will be possible to tailor the intensity of the immunosuppression to the inflammatory status of the graft, thus minimising the risks of both insufficient and excessive immunosuppression. Furthermore, by following subclinical inflammation, as detected in the MR/IR spectra, it will be possible to test the hypothesis that subclinical rejection (i.e. persistence of its MR/IR spectral classifier) is a surrogate marker for the development of chronic rejection.

Keywords: Biological Markers - urine, Chronic Disease, Graft Rejection - diagnosis, Graft Rejection - urine, Kidney Transplantation - pathology, Kidney Transplantation - physiology, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Spectrophotometry, Infrared, Transplantation, Homologous, Urine - cytology

Add Comment 0 Comments

305 9

In Press

02 Jun 2023 : Original article  

Survival analysis of transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy under different diagnostic criteria a...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939890  

17 May 2023 : Original article  

Results of Liver Retransplantation After Rescue Hepatectomy: A Single-Center Study

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939557  

10 May 2023 : Original article  

Incidence of Thromboembolic Complications Following Kidney Transplantation with Short and Extended Aspirin ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939143  

Most Viewed Current Articles

24 Aug 2021 : Review article  

Normothermic Machine Perfusion (NMP) of the Liver – Current Status and Future Perspectives

DOI :10.12659/AOT.931664

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e931664

26 Jan 2022 : Review article  

Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation: Risk Factors and Predictive Models

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934924

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934924

29 Dec 2021 : Original article  

Efficacy and Safety of Tacrolimus-Based Maintenance Regimens in De Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Sys...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.933588

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933588

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358