Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

31 December 2003

Donor Transmitted Malignancies

Joseph Buell, Thomas M. Beebe, Jennifer Trofe, Thomas G. Gross, Rita R. Alloway, Michael J. Hanaway, E. Steve Woodle

Ann Transplant 2004; 9(1): 53-56 :: ID: 8004

Abstract

Early experiences in transplantation, which pre-dated brain death laws, utilized organs from donors with active malignancies. [1,2] The use of organs from such donors occasionally resulted in the transmission of malignancy from the donor to an unknowing recipient. Over a period of three decades, Israel Penn, M. D. catalogued some two hundred and fifty cases of organs transplanted from donors with a history of malignancy; carefully examining each reported case for tumor histology, donor risk factors, method of tumor presentation and recipient outcome. [1-3] Some recipients never developed malignancies, while others were less fortunate, developing cancers that were suspicious for donor origin. The evolution of transplantation has resulted in improved patient survival, which in turn has led to an increased demand for organ transplantation. Unfortunately, the supply of organs available for transplantation has failed to keep pace with the demand, with the worldwide deficit growing annually. In an effort to bridge the widening gap, utilization of older and more marginal donors has been suggested. [4] However, use of older donors is accompanied by the likelihood that a significant proportion may have undiagnosed malignancies. [2,5] Multiple transplant programs have considered the use of donors with tumors of non-malignant or even low-grade malignant histology, most often involving the central nervous system (CNS). [6] According to a survey from the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), central nervous system malignancies are among the most commonly identified malignancies found in potential donors. [7,8] This study examines the distribution of potential donor transmitted malignancies reported to the Israel Penn International Transplant Tumor Registry. The incidence of tumor transmission is examined in the overall group as well as among individual histologies. We also seek to identify specific factors associated with the risk of malignancy transmission from donor to recipient, in an effort to minimize future transmission of donor tumors to unwitting recipients. The study is based on voluntary registry data, which some argue can be criticized for a lack of true incidence data. In reality, however, this data may provide a more accurate insight since it is based on transmissions from high-risk donors rather than from the general population.

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

06 Feb 2024 : Case report  

Successful Sequential Liver and Isolated Intestine Transplantation for Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.941881  

12 Feb 2024 : Original article  

No Prognostic Impact of Graft-to-Recipient Weight Ratio on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence Following Li...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.942767  

21 Feb 2024 : Original article  

Use of LCP-Tacrolimus (LCPT) in Kidney Transplantation: A Delphi Consensus Survey of Expert Clinicians

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943498  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article  

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

12 Jan 2022 : Original article  

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

22 Nov 2022 : Original article  

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358