Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

01 January 2008

Local presence of cytomegalovirus and Candida species vs oral lesions in liver and kidney transplant recipients

Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk, Joanna Pawłowska, Bożena Cukrowska, Przemysław Kluge, Ewa Witkowska-Vogtt, Katarzyna Dzierżanowska-Fangrat, Danuta Wrześniewska, Ewa Śmirska, Ryszard Grenda

Ann Transplant 2008; 13(4): 28-33 :: ID: 880215


Background: Anti-CMV prophylaxis is currently a routine management in patients after organ transplantation. One of the clinical symptoms of CMV infection may be lesions in the oral cavity.The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between CMV infection, occurrence of Candida species and presence of oral mucosal ulceration in transplant recipients.
Material/Methods: Twenty five patients after kidney or liver transplantation (mean age 13 years ±4 years), receiving immunosuppression (tacrolimus, cyclosporine or sirolimus), who presented minor and major recurrent aphtous stomatitis (RAS), atypical ulcerations or focal necrosis in the oral cavity were enrolled into the study. Mean duration of post-transplant follow-up was 4 years and 3 months (±3 years and 5 months). Clinical dental examination (Pl I, GI), mycological tests and blood tests for CMV infection (specific IgM antibodies and/or pp65 antygenemia) were performed in all patients. Eighteen specimens of oral mucosa were evaluated for CMV presence in situ.
Results: CMV infection was confirmed in 13 patients with oral mucosal ulceration (46.43%); which were accompanied by gingivitis (average GI=1.34); in two cases Candida albicans was identified. DNA of HCMV was found in-situ in 5.5% of all biopsies, and in 9% of biopsies of patients with clinical CMV infection; changes did not show the presence of Candida spp.
Conclusions: There is a significant correlation between CMV infection and oral lesions; in some cases, CMV may be a direct cause.

Keywords: Organ Transplantation, Immunosuppression, vascular cognitive impairment, Morphine-6-glucuronide

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

06 Feb 2024 : Case report  

Successful Sequential Liver and Isolated Intestine Transplantation for Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.941881  

12 Feb 2024 : Original article  

No Prognostic Impact of Graft-to-Recipient Weight Ratio on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence Following Li...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.942767  

21 Feb 2024 : Original article  

Use of LCP-Tacrolimus (LCPT) in Kidney Transplantation: A Delphi Consensus Survey of Expert Clinicians

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943498  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article  

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

12 Jan 2022 : Original article  

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

22 Nov 2022 : Original article  

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358