Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

01 January 2009

Serum electrolyte changes at engraftment time in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Toktam Faghihi, Masoud Iravani, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Molouk Hadjibabaie, Seyyed Asadolah Mousavi, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh

Ann Transplant 2009; 14(3): 51-57 :: ID: 880541


Background: Metabolic abnormalities have been reported in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Potential causes, risk factors and outcomes of electrolyte imbalances have thoroughly been investigated. On HSCT recipients, multiple pathophysiologic contributers are inflicting electrolyte abnormalities, with special attention being paid to engraftment per se as an important contributer. Engraftment contribution to electrolyte imbalances has been reported for hypophosphatemia and for other electrolyte abnormalities in autologous setting. However in the allogeneic setting serum electrolyte level changes and the timing of any probable abnormalitiy are unknown.
Material and methods: We performed a retrospective study in order to evaluate the pattern of phosphorous, magnesium, potassium and uric acid serum changes, timing of any probable abnormality and their possible association with WBC and platelet engraftment in 65 allogeneic HCT recipients from day -9 to +32 after transplantation. Besides we assessed frequency and severity of the abnormalities.
Results: We observed a declining pattern of electrolyte concentrations with nadirs antedating WBC and platelet engraftments.
Phosphorous and potassium serum changes were correlated with natural logarithm of WBC and platelet level changes. Observed overall incidence of hypophosphatemia (9.2%) and hypomagnesemia (3%) was lower than those previously reported.
Conclusion: Abnormalities found reflect a combination of pathophysiologic mechanisms.
Occurrence of electrolyte nadirs antedating engraftment confirms increased consumption by rapidly replicating cells as a contributor in allogeneic setting and specifies a susceptible period requiring intensive monitoring. Considering high risk patients and managing various organ system complications lower incidence of some electrolyte abnormalities may be observed.

Keywords: allogeneic, engraftment, Electrolytes, Uric Acid

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

Original article  

Post-Donation Regret and Anxiety Among Family Living Liver Donors: The Mediating Roles of Family Relationsh...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944176  

Original article  

Effect of the Organ Donation Quality System on Donation Activity of Warsaw Hospitals

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943520  

Original article  

Clonal Hematopoiesis-Associated Gene Mutations Affect Acute Graft-Versus-Host Disease After Hematopoietic S...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943688  

Original article  

Impact of Recipient and Donor Body Mass Index on Survival Outcomes After Intestinal Transplantation: A Unit...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943994  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article   12,201

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

22 Nov 2022 : Original article   8,720

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

12 Jan 2022 : Original article   8,640

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

15 Mar 2022 : Case report   6,496

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358