Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

22 December 2010

Pentostatin as rescue therapy for glucocorticoid-refractory acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease

Joseph Pidala, Jongphil Kim, Jaime Roman-Diaz, Jamie Shapiro, Taiga Nishihori, Ryan Bookout, Claudio Anasetti, Mohamed A. Kharfan-Dabaja

Ann Transplant 2010; 15(4): 21-29 :: ID: 881348

Abstract

Background: Despite scientific advances in hematopoietic cell allografting, glucocorticoid-refractory acute (aGVHD) and chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) represent major sources of transplant-related morbidity and mortality. We aimed to characterize the activity of pentostatin as rescue therapy for refractory GVHD.
Material/Methods: In a retrospective analysis, we examined the activity of pentostatin as rescue therapy of glucocorticoid-refractory acute and chronic GVHD.
Results: In 12 patients with advanced (overall aGVHD grade III/IV in 8/12) refractory aGVHD, overall response (ORR) was achieved in 6/12, and complete remission (CR) of aGVHD in 4/12 allowing additional rescue immunosuppressive agents. Median overall survival (OS) was 1.4 months (95% CI: 0.26–2.4). Causes of death included refractory aGVHD and infection. In 18 patients with refractory cGVHD (12/18 with severe cGVHD), pentostatin induced CR in 1/18, and partial response (PR) in 9/18. Activity was observed in all affected organs. The median decrease in glucocorticoid therapy over 24 months after pentostatin initiation for refractory cGVHD was 38% (range=0–100%). Median OS was 5 months (95% CI: 1.6 – NR).
Conclusions: Allowing for the utilization of additional immune suppressive agents, this series suggests the activity of pentostatin as rescue therapy of refractory GVHD.

Keywords: acute graft-versus-host disease, chronic graft-versus-host disease, pentostatin, Glucocorticoids

Add Comment 0 Comments

421 13

In Press

17 May 2023 : Original article  

Results of Liver Retransplantation After Rescue Hepatectomy: A Single-Center Study

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939557  

10 May 2023 : Original article  

Incidence of Thromboembolic Complications Following Kidney Transplantation with Short and Extended Aspirin ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939143  

Most Viewed Current Articles

24 Aug 2021 : Review article  

Normothermic Machine Perfusion (NMP) of the Liver – Current Status and Future Perspectives

DOI :10.12659/AOT.931664

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e931664

26 Jan 2022 : Review article  

Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation: Risk Factors and Predictive Models

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934924

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934924

29 Dec 2021 : Original article  

Efficacy and Safety of Tacrolimus-Based Maintenance Regimens in De Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Sys...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.933588

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933588

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358