Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

30 December 2011

Impact of CYP3A5 genotype of recipients as well as donors on the tacrolimus pharmacokinetics and infectious complications after living-donor liver transplantation for Japanese adult recipients

Yuichi MurakiABCDEF, Masanobu UsuiADEF, Shuji IsajiDEF, Shugo MizunoADEF, Kaname NakataniAB, Tomomi YamadaACDE, Takuya IwamotoACE, Shinji UemotoDE, Tsutomu NoboriAB, Masahiro OkudaADEF

Ann Transplant 2011; 16(4): 55-62 :: ID: 882219

Abstract

Background: The impact of cytochrome P450 3A5 (CYP3A5) genotype of recipients (intestine) as well as donors (graft liver) on the tacrolimus pharmacokinetics and the incidence of infectious complications was assessed in Japanese living-donor liver transplant (LDLT) adult recipients.
Material/Methods: Fifty-six patients were divided into 4 groups based on the CYP3A5 genotype (expression of *1 allele: expressor (EX) and non-expressor (NEX)) in each recipients (R) and donors (D), EX-R/EX-D (n=9), EX-R/NEX-D (n=7), NEX-R/EX-D (n=12) and NEX-R/NEX-D (n=28). Tacrolimus blood concentration and concentration/dosage ratio (C/D) were evaluated every week until 4 weeks and every month until 12 months after LDLT. The incidences of postoperative infectious complication, acute cellular rejection and tacrolimus adverse effect were compared.
Results: The tacrolimus blood concentrations among 4 groups did not significantly differ at each follow-up time period. The C/Ds were significantly lower in EX-R/EX-D (median: 122.3 at 2 weeks) than in NEX-R/NEX-D (389.6 at 2 weeks) until 12 months. The C/Ds in EX-R/NEX-D (163.2 at 2 weeks) have been significantly lower than those in NEX-R/NEX-D until 6 months. Over 6 months, however, those in NEX-R/EX-D showed lower levels (84.1 at 8 months) than those in NEX-R/NEX-D (189.3 at 8 months). Additionally, logistic regression analysis showed that EX-R/EX-D had significantly higher risk for the development of infectious complications than NEX-R/NEX-D (odds ratio 8.67, p=0.03).
Conclusions: Preoperative assessment of CYP3A5 genotypes in both recipients and donors would be useful not only for predicting tacrolimus pharmacokinetics but also defining high-risk group of infectious complications after LDLT.

Keywords: Tacrolimus - pharmacokinetics, LDLT, CYP3A5, single nucleotide polymorphism

0 Comments

Most Viewed Current Articles

26 Jan 2022 : Review article  

Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation: Risk Factors and Predictive Models

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934924

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934924

24 Aug 2021 : Review article  

Normothermic Machine Perfusion (NMP) of the Liver – Current Status and Future Perspectives

DOI :10.12659/AOT.931664

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e931664

29 Dec 2021 : Original article  

Efficacy and Safety of Tacrolimus-Based Maintenance Regimens in De Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Sys...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.933588

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933588

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358