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29 June 2012

The adequacy of transplantation education in the ESRD population in Poland

Łukasz CzyżewskiABCDEF, Janusz WyzgałADE

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.883224

Ann Transplant 2012; 17(2): 62-73

Abstract

Background: Education of patients with chronic kidney disease is one of the most important challenges in nephrology and transplant nursing. The increase in the number of kidney transplants depends on the prevalence of knowledge about family transplantation and quality of the coordination of dialysis patients. The aim of the article was to evaluate the knowledge of patients treated by renal replacement therapy, concerning family graft and principles of qualification for kidney transplantation.
Material/Methods: The study included 120 patients from 5 out of 10 dialysis departments in Warsaw. We used a questionnaire designed by the author of the paper.
Results: It was shown that 18% of interviewees were not aware of the possibility of family graft and 40% of respondents had not consulted their family about it; some said that even if it were possible, they would not make use of this form of treatment. Up to 87% of respondents see the need to organize special educational meetings.
Conclusions: The level of knowledge of patients on dialysis concerning family transplantation and rules of qualification for kidney transplantation appeared to be insufficient. Increasing the number of living donors depends largely on the professional training of the patient and his family. The results suggest that the amount of time spent by clinical staff on educating patients is insufficient.
It seems that in order to increase the awareness of health issues among patients, a multi-centre education program should be implemented for patients with chronic kidney disease.

Keywords: Renal Replacement Therapy, Patient Education, Living donor kidney transplant

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Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358