Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

31 December 2012

Liver transplantation for HCV cirrhosis; cautious optimism after 10 years of experience

Marek PacholczykABCDEF, Beata ŁągiewskaBDF, Wojciech LisikCE, Olga TroninaBD, Dariusz WasiakB, Tomasz CieciuraB, Andrzej ChmuraG

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.883688

Ann Transplant 2012; 17(4): 5-10


Background: Currently, HCV (hepatitis C virus) cirrhosis is one of the most common indications for liver transplantation (LTx) in Europe and North America among adults. Very early after LTx, histological examinations of liver biopsies in a group of HCV-positive recipients show important differences compared to other indications for transplantation.
Material/Methods: We described results of 121 primary LTx for HCV cirrhosis. HCV-RNA PCR was positive in 94% of primary graft recipients prior to LTx. Co-existing HCC was diagnosed in 20.66% of recipients.
Results: One-year, 5-year, and 10-year survivals in the HCV-positive recipient group were 87.6%, 85.9%, and 84.3%, respectively. Symptomatic recurrent hepatitis was diagnosed in 58/121 (47.54%) recipients, and 41.3% presented with recurrence within the first 6 months. None of the PCR-negative recipients developed recurrent hepatitis prior to LTx. The rescue therapy for recurrent HCV hepatitis consist of Interferon and Ribavirin; the sustained virologic response (SVR) was obtained in 50% and 41% of recipients at 24 and 48 weeks, respectively, after treatment cessation.
Conclusions: Despite almost universal recurrence of HCV after LTx, results of transplantation are relatively good. Modification of immunosuppression, younger organ selection, and avoiding steroid pulses for rejection improve the results. Inclusion of combination therapy with interferon and Ribavirin allows for more than 40% SVR.

Keywords: Liver Transplantation, antiviral therapy, hepatitis recurrence

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

06 Feb 2024 : Case report  

Successful Sequential Liver and Isolated Intestine Transplantation for Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.941881  

12 Feb 2024 : Original article  

No Prognostic Impact of Graft-to-Recipient Weight Ratio on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence Following Li...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.942767  

21 Feb 2024 : Original article  

Use of LCP-Tacrolimus (LCPT) in Kidney Transplantation: A Delphi Consensus Survey of Expert Clinicians

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943498  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article  

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

12 Jan 2022 : Original article  

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

22 Nov 2022 : Original article  

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358