Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

31 December 2012

Predictive factors associated with re-exploration for hemostasis in living donor liver transplantation

Shao-Chun WuABCDEF, Chao-Long ChenA, Chih-Hsien WangABE, Chia-Jung HuangABE, Kwok-Wai ChengABCDEF, Tsung-Hsiao ShihABE, Johnson Chia-Shen YangABE, Bruno JawanABCDEF

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.883696

Ann Transplant 2012; 17(4): 64-71

Abstract

Background: After liver transplantation (LT), re-exploration of the abdomen to check for bleeding is sometime required. Our study aimed to identify the predictive factors by analysis of preoperative and intraoperative presentations that may impact the re-exploration for hemostasis.
Material/Methods: We selected 522 consecutive recipients from the Liver Transplant Program database and medical records between January 1, 1994 and December 1, 2009 in our hospital. Demographic data (age, sex, body mass index, weight, MELD score), preoperative laboratory tests (Hb, platelet, albumin, bilirubin, INR, APTT), and intraoperative presentations (ascites and blood loss, crystalloids, 5% albumin infused, blood products used (such as LPRBC, RBC, FFP, platelet, cryoprecipitate), urine output, Hb at end of operation, and anesthesia) were collected for primary comparison. Potential predictors found by univariate comparison at p<0.1 were put into a multiple binary logistic regression model.
Results: Thirty-eight (7.3%) recipients required re-exploration for hemostasis after LDLT; 80% needed re-exploration only once. In univariate analysis, recipients transfused with FFP >10 ml/kg had a 4.2-fold increased risk of re-exploration (p<0.001). Thirteen potential predictors by univariate comparison at p<0.1 were selected into a multiple binary logistic regression. Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) transfused was the sole predictor.
Conclusions: Each elevation of 1ml of transfused FFP per kg is associated with a 1.033-fold increased incidence of re-exploration for hemostasis. Patients transfused with more than 10 ml/kg FFP during LT require more intensive management within 72 hours due to increase risk of postoperative bleeding.

Keywords: liver transplantation, Hemostasis, Hemorrhage, blood loss, Blood transfusion, exploration

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

06 Feb 2024 : Case report  

Successful Sequential Liver and Isolated Intestine Transplantation for Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.941881  

12 Feb 2024 : Original article  

No Prognostic Impact of Graft-to-Recipient Weight Ratio on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence Following Li...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.942767  

21 Feb 2024 : Original article  

Use of LCP-Tacrolimus (LCPT) in Kidney Transplantation: A Delphi Consensus Survey of Expert Clinicians

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943498  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article  

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

12 Jan 2022 : Original article  

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

22 Nov 2022 : Original article  

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358