Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

14 March 2013

Rapidly fatal disseminated acanthamoebiasis in a single lung transplant recipient

Kamyar AfsharADEF, Ayana BoydKingADEF, Sivagini GaneshD, Cynthia HerringtonD, P. Michael McFaddenDE

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.883846

Ann Transplant 2013; 18:107-110

Abstract

Background: Lung transplant recipients are at great risk for developing various infectious complications. These infections portend a significant morbidity and mortality throughout their lifetime following transplantation. At times, cutaneous manifestations are the only clues to systemic infection.
Case Report: A 62 year-old man with a history of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis presented 6 months after receiving bilateral sequential cadaveric lung transplantation for anorexia, early satiety, weight loss, exertional dsypnea, arthralgia, and depression. On exam, two rapidly growing non-painful 1.5–3 centimeter erythematous nodules with purulent draining on the anterior chest wall were noted. On Hospital Day 7, the patent was found to be un-responsive, hypotensive, and febrile. Brain imaging revealed diffuse thick nodular enhancement of leptomeningeal surface and multiple areas of hypodenisty associated with mass effect in the bilateral vermis and cerebellar hemispheres with effacement of the fourth ventricle. CSF PCR analysis showed Acanthamoeba sp. confirmed by the Center for Disease Control. Despite multi-modal therapy, his clinical course deteriorated and resulted in brain death.
Conclusion: Acanthamoeba infection is extremely rare in thoracic organ recipients. We report the fifth case of progressive disseminated acanthamoebiasis in a lung transplant recipient.

Keywords: infection, parasite, Lung Transplantation

0 Comments

In Press

04 Aug 2022 : Original article  

Long-Term Patency of All-in-One Sleeve Patch Graft Venoplasty in 16 Patients Who Underwent Living Donor Liv...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.936888  

22 Jul 2022 : Original article  

Diagnostic Role of Tumor Markers for Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Liver Transplantation Candidates: An Analy...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.936937  

22 Jul 2022 : Original article  

Development of a Novel Model for Predicting Postoperative Short-Term Outcome in Patients with Hepatitis B-R...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.936732  

22 Jul 2022 : Original article  

Leucine-Rich Alpha-2-Glycoprotein (LRG-1) as a Potential Kidney Injury Marker in Kidney Transplant Recipients

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.936751  

Most Viewed Current Articles

26 Jan 2022 : Review article  

Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation: Risk Factors and Predictive Models

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934924

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934924

29 Dec 2021 : Original article  

Efficacy and Safety of Tacrolimus-Based Maintenance Regimens in De Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Sys...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.933588

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933588

24 Jul 2020 : Review article  

Kidney Transplantation in the Times of COVID-19 – A Literature Review

DOI :10.12659/AOT.925755

Ann Transplant 2020; 25:e925755

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358