Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

29 July 2013

A comparison between two tacrolimus-based immunosuppression regimens in renal transplant recipients: 7-year follow-up

Bartosz ForoncewiczABCDEF, Krzysztof MuchaABCDEF, Michał CiszekBDF, Piotr MałkowskiDE, Magdalena DurlikBE, Jacek SzmidtBE, Andrzej ChmuraBE, Leszek PączekACDE

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.883986

Ann Transplant 2013; 18:384-392


Immunosuppression (IS) following transplantation should focus on improving long-term graft and patient survival. The objective of this study was to assess patient and graft survival rates and adverse event (AE) incidence in patients treated with combinations of tacrolimus (TAC) and steroids (ST) with either azathioprine (AZA) or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF).
Material and Methods
Seventy-seven renal transplant recipients (RTRs) treated with TAC/AZA/ST (n=37) or TAC/MMF/ST (n=40) in a single center were studied retrospectively. For 6 months after transplantation, patients were managed according to the COSTAMP study protocol. Afterwards, the follow-up visits were performed yearly for 7 years. Intent-to-treat (ITT) and on randomized therapy (ORT) groups were compared. Primary endpoints were graft function, graft loss, and death. Secondary endpoints included incidence of post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) and other AEs as estimated by the length of the hospitalization per patient per year.
Demographic characteristics were similar in both groups of patients. Patient and graft survival at 7 years were 89.2% and 70.3% in TAC/AZA ITT; 97.5% and 77.5% in TAC/MMF ITT; and 100% in both ORT groups, respectively (ns). Differences in renal function, PTDM, and other AE incidence were also non-significant.
Our results indicate that TAC-based IS with either MMF or AZA is equally effective with respect to patient and graft survival and AE incidence. Taking into account the costs of both regimens and those of related AE therapies, our results raise the question of whether increasing MMF use in RTRs is justified from the perspective of the long-term results.

Keywords: azathioprine, immunosuppression, long term follow-up, Mycophenolate Mofetil, Tacrolimus

Add Comment 0 Comments

499 8

In Press

06 Jun 2023 : Original article  

A 15-Year Retrospective Study of Supportive Extracorporeal Therapies Including Plasma Exchange and Continuo...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939745  

02 Jun 2023 : Original article  

Survival analysis of transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy under different diagnostic criteria a...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939890  

10 May 2023 : Original article  

Incidence of Thromboembolic Complications Following Kidney Transplantation with Short and Extended Aspirin ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.939143  

Most Viewed Current Articles

24 Aug 2021 : Review article  

Normothermic Machine Perfusion (NMP) of the Liver – Current Status and Future Perspectives

DOI :10.12659/AOT.931664

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e931664

26 Jan 2022 : Review article  

Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation: Risk Factors and Predictive Models

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934924

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934924

29 Dec 2021 : Original article  

Efficacy and Safety of Tacrolimus-Based Maintenance Regimens in De Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Sys...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.933588

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933588

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358