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08 April 2014 : Case report  

Rescue therapy with intravenous silibinin in liver transplant recipients with recurrent HCV hepatitis – two case reports

Łukasz SochaA, Ewa KarpińskaD, Krzysztof JurczykF, Łukasz LauransC, Dorota BanderB, Marta LachtaraBF, Marta Wawrzynowicz-SyczewskaAE

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.889779

Ann Transplant 2014; 19:161-164

Abstract

Abstract
Background: Recurrence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection after liver transplantation is inevitable and decreases survival. Graft loss due to recurrent HCV occurs in 25% to 30% of patients. The recommended AASLD treatment is PEG-IFN, with or without ribavirin, but some patients might be not eligible for this treatment. An alternative antiviral agent is silibinin (SIL). In vitro silibinin stops replication, probably by inhibiting HCV RNA polymerase.
Case Report: We present the cases of 2 patients with severe recurrent HCV infection who received intravenous silibinin (IV SIL) as a “rescue therapy”. In the first patient with cholestatic fibrosing hepatitis, HCV RNA became undetectable. We also noted significant viremia reduction, and improvement in laboratory results and clinical presentation in the second patient.
Conclusions: Administration of IV SIL resulted in a rapid decrease of HCV viremia. In post-transplant patients with HCV recurrence who are not eligible for standard antiviral treatment, IV SIL can be considered as an alternative, but further investigations are necessary to establish treatment protocols.

Keywords: cholestatic fibrosing hepatitis, hepatitis C reinfection, silibinin, Liver Transplantation

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Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358