Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

15 September 2014 : Original article  

Malignancy after Renal Transplantation: A Single-Center Experience

Kristina VrotniakaiteBCDEF, Ruta JaceviciuteBCDEF, Ilona RudminieneABF, Agne Laucyte-CibulskieneABDEF, Tatjana RainieneAB, Feliksas JankeviciusAB, Arunas ZelvysAB, Marius MiglinasABDEF

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.890706

Ann Transplant 2014; 19:456-463


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of malignant tumors in kidney transplant recipients (KTR) in Lithuania and to access the changes in KTR survival after developing cancer. We also analyzed and compared results with data from other centers worldwide.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all 395 patients transplanted at Renal Transplantation Center of Vilnius University Hospital Santariškių Klinikos (RTC of VUHSK) between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2010.

RESULTS: Mean age at transplantation was 40.33±11.46 years; 54.9% of recipients were male, 45.1% female; 23 (5.8%) recipients developed 25 malignancies, of which 1.5% had urinary system cancer, 0.8% had non-melanoma skin cancer, hematolymphopoetic cancer, or cancer of gastrointestinal tract, and 0.5% developed cancers of female reproductive system, breast, central nervous system cancer, or had more than 1 malignancy. Average time to first malignancy was 46.7 months. Cumulative incidence of malignancy was 1.8%, after 1 year, 4% after 5 years, and 14.2% after 10 years. There were 32 patients (8.1%) with pre-malignant lesions. Recipients older than 45 years had higher frequency of malignancies (p=0.005). KTR who developed gastrointestinal cancer had significantly shorter survival time than patients without malignancy (p=0.01). Recipients who had been on dialysis for more than 35 months also had a significantly shorter survival (p=0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Older patients had higher risk for developing malignancies, and recipients with gastrointestinal cancer had the worst survival. That suggests we need better screening programs for this type of cancer and for older patients at RTC of VUSHK.

Keywords: Carcinoma, Kidney Transplantation, Survival Rate

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

02 Apr 2024 : Original article  

Liver Transplantation from Brain-Dead Donors with Hepatitis B or C in South Korea: A 2014-2020 Korean Organ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943588  

02 Apr 2024 : Original article  

Effect of Dexmedetomidine Combined with Remifentanil on Emergence Agitation During Awakening from Sevoflura...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943281  

03 Apr 2024 : Review article  

Alternative Therapies in Transplantology as a Promising Perspective in Medicine

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943387  

15 Apr 2024 : Original article  

Physical Activity Levels in Transplant Recipients

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944101  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article  

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

12 Jan 2022 : Original article  

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

22 Nov 2022 : Original article  

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358