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02 March 2015 : Original article  

Relevance of Male-to-Female Sex Mismatch in Liver Transplantation for Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Michał GrątABCDEF, Zbigniew LewandowskiBCF, Waldemar PatkowskiDF, Karolina Maria WronkaBF, Karolina GrątBF, Maciej KrasnodębskiBF, Joanna LigockaBF, Hanna ZborowskaCF, Marek KrawczykADFG

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.892394

Ann Transplant 2015; 20:116-123

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Because male-to-female transplantations are related to exposure to H-Y antigen, sex matching may influence the outcomes after liver transplantation for autoimmune diseases. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the relevance of male-to-female mismatch in liver transplantation for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study was based on the data of 82 female liver transplant recipients with PBC from a single institution. The primary outcome measure was graft survival at 10 years. The negative effects of well-known risk factors for poor outcomes were evaluated separately and compared between the female-to-female and male-to-female transplantations.

RESULTS: Graft survival was similar after female-to-female and male-to-female transplantations (74.7% versus 73.1% at 10 years, respectively, p=0.676). Regarding the differential impact of other risk factors, prolonged cold ischemia and increased amount of blood transfusions adversely influenced outcomes after male-to-female transplantation (p=0.039 and p=0.039, respectively) but not after female-to-female transplantation (p=0.843 and p=0.110, respectively). Sex mismatched transplantations were associated with lower 10-year graft survival in subgroups of patients with blood transfusions >4 units (61.4% versus 100.0%, p=0.063) and >8 hours of cold ischemia (54.7% versus 75.8%, p=0.418).

CONCLUSIONS: Although male-to-female sex mismatch does not seem to yield a direct negative impact on outcomes following liver transplantation for PBC, it can aggravate the negative effects of prolonged cold ischemia and blood transfusions.

Keywords: Blood Transfusion, cold ischemia, Donor Selection, Graft Survival, Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary, Liver Transplantation

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Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358