Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

02 February 2015 : Original article  

Differential Impact of Risk Factors for Tumor Recurrence in Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Virus-Infected Patients Undergoing Liver Transplantation for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Maciej KrasnodębskiABCDEF, Michał GrątACD, Łukasz MasiorBEF, Waldemar PatkowskiAD, Marek KrawczykAD

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.892395

Ann Transplant 2015; 20:70-75


BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) virus infection are the 2 most important risk factors for the development of the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to assess the importance of the type of viral infection in evaluation of HCC recurrence risk after liver transplantation (LT).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study was based on 130 HCC patients undergoing LT. Patients were subdivided by HBV or HCV infection only or HBV and HCV co-infection (HBV-HCV). The primary outcome measure was recurrence-free survival (RFS) 5 years after transplantation.

RESULTS: The 5-year RFS did not differ significantly according to HBV infection, HCV infection, or HBV-HCV co-infection in the entire study cohort (p=0.902) or among patients who fulfilled (p=0.454) or did not fulfill (p=0.999) the Milan criteria. Neither HCV (p=0.869) nor HBV (p=0.968) infection significantly affected 5-year RFS following adjustment for covariates. Higher lesion number (p=0.004), increased alpha-fetoprotein (p=0.017), microvascular invasion (p=0.004), and female donor sex (p=0.025) were significant risk factors for poor RFS in HBV patients; older recipient age (p=0.010) and increased total tumor volume (p=0.028) were significant risk factors in HCV patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Although the viral infection type does not affect post-LT outcomes in HCC patients, the influence of other risk factors is markedly different in HBV- and HCV-related HCC.

Keywords: alpha-Fetoproteins, Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C Antibodies, Liver Transplantation, Patient Outcome Assessment

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

15 Mar 2024 : Review article  

Approaches and Challenges in the Current Management of Cytomegalovirus in Transplant Recipients: Highlighti...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.941185  

18 Mar 2024 : Original article  

Does Antibiotic Use Increase the Risk of Post-Transplantation Diabetes Mellitus? A Retrospective Study of R...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943282  

20 Mar 2024 : Original article  

Transplant Nephrectomy: A Comparative Study of Timing and Techniques in a Single Institution

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.942252  

28 Mar 2024 : Original article  

Association Between FEV₁ Decline Rate and Mortality in Long-Term Follow-Up of a 21-Patient Pilot Clinical T...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.942823  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article  

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

12 Jan 2022 : Original article  

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

22 Nov 2022 : Original article  

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358