Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

30 June 2015 : Original article  

Misdiagnosed or Incidentally Detected Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Explanted Livers: Lessons Learned

Mohamed Rabei AbdelfattahABCDEF, Faisal AbaalkhailB, Hadeel Al-ManeaB

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.893782

Ann Transplant 2015; 20:366-372

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Misdiagnosed or incidentally detected hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in liver explant is an undesirable surprise that might pose a medical challenge in the post-transplant setting.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: From May 2001 to the end of December 2013, 463 and 137 liver transplants for adult and pediatric patients, respectively, were performed at our center. Ten cases were found to have misdiagnosed or incidental malignant lesions on pathological examination of the explant.

RESULTS: We considered 105 patients for LT because of presence of HCC; 102 patients were accurately diagnosed by pretransplant imaging and the other 3 patients were misdiagnosed as HCC and then found to have mixed HCC-cholangiocarcinoma (CC) (2.9% misdiagnosis rate). Seven more patients were found to have i-HCC in explanted livers. Therefore, 109 patients were transplanted for presence of HCC (6.5% of them diagnosed incidentally). The overall rate of incidental HCC (i-HCC) among all liver explants was 1.2%. In the adult group no subjects had HCC recurrence, while only 1 subject had HCC recurrence in the pediatric group. All mixed HCC-CC lesions were found in adult patients. Two patients died from recurrence of cholangiocarcinoma after liver transplant. The other patient is still surviving with no recurrence at 13-month follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: Misdiagnosed or incidental malignancy is a rare but reported finding following liver transplantation. Their preoperative suspicion is quite challenging. A thorough explant pathology study is needed to diagnose this condition. It is evident that the outcome of this undesirable finding was judged mainly by tumor biology.

Keywords: Cholangiocarcinoma, Liver Transplantation

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

12 Feb 2024 : Original article  

No Prognostic Impact of Graft-to-Recipient Weight Ratio on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence Following Li...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.942767  

21 Feb 2024 : Original article  

Use of LCP-Tacrolimus (LCPT) in Kidney Transplantation: A Delphi Consensus Survey of Expert Clinicians

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943498  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article  

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

12 Jan 2022 : Original article  

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

22 Nov 2022 : Original article  

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358