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25 February 2015 : Case report  

The First Polish Liver Transplantation after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery for Morbid Obesity: A Case Report and Literature Review

Rafał MarszałekBCDEF, Paweł ZiemiańskiCD, Beata ŁągiewskaCF, Marek PacholczykAB, Justyna Domienik-KarłowiczBF, Janusz TrzebickiBC, Zbigniew WierzbickiDF, Krzysztof JankowskiBF, Maciej KosieradzkiBC, Dariusz WasiakCD, Maurycy JonasCD, Piotr PruszczykBF, Magdalena DurlikCD, Wojciech LisikABCDEFG, Andrzej ChmuraDG

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.893797

Ann Transplant 2015; 20:112-115

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is associated with liver pathology, most commonly non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) leading to cirrhosis. However, the morbid obesity impedes qualification for organ transplantation.

CASE REPORT: We present a case report of a 56-year-old woman who underwent bariatric procedure followed by liver transplantation (LTx). Her initial weight was 130.2 kg (BMI 50.9 kg/m2). The patient had a history of arterial hypertension, diabetes, gonarthrosis, and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and no history of alcohol abuse. She underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) procedure. The routine intraoperative liver biopsy revealed fibrosis (III°), steatosis (II°), and intra-acinar inflammation. The operation led to a substantial loss of weight. Two years after the surgery the patient was referred to the Transplantation Clinic of Department of General Surgery and Transplantology with suspicion of liver failure due to advanced cirrhosis, which could be a result of previously diagnosed NASH and, probably, excessive alcohol use after bariatric surgery. The patient was qualified for elective LTx, which was performed 3 years after the RYGB. Immediately before LTx, the patient’s weight was 65 kg (BMI 25.4 kg/m2). The postoperative period was complicated by bleeding into the peritoneal cavity, which required reoperation. She also had renal failure, requiring renal replacement therapy. One year after LTx, she showed stable liver function with normal transaminases activity and bilirubin concentration, remission of diabetes, and good renal function.

CONCLUSIONS: Steatohepatitis in morbidly obese patients may lead to cirrhosis. Bariatric procedure can be a bridge to liver transplantation for morbidly obese patients with advanced liver fibrosis.

Keywords: Bariatric Surgery, Fatty Liver, Liver Transplantation, Obesity

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Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358