Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

17 November 2015 : Original article  

Mental Status in Patients Before and After Liver Transplantation

Christian BenzingABCDEF, Nicco KrezdornA, Andreas HinzBDE, Heide GlaesmerB, Elmar BrählerB, Julia FörsterBC, Georg WiltbergerE, Felix KrenzienE, Moritz SchmelzleE, Michael BartelsAE

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.894916

Ann Transplant 2015; 20:683-693

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In contrast to the well-described beneficial organic effects of liver transplantation (OLT) in patients with end-stage liver disease, changes in the mental status of patients after OLT remain poorly understood. The current study seeks to evaluate the influence of OLT on anxiety, depression, and dispositional optimism in patients with end-stage liver disease.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to patients on the OLT waiting list and patients after OLT. Depression/anxiety and dispositional optimism were assessed using the HADS and LOT-R questionnaires, respectively. These findings were compared to results from the general population.

RESULTS: The number of returned questionnaires was 292 of 940 (31.1%; 57 patients on the liver transplant waiting list: waiting group, 235 liver transplant recipients: OLT group). Both depression and anxiety scores were significantly higher in the waiting group when compared to the OLT group (p<0.05) and the general population (anxiety: p<0.001, depression: p<0.05), respectively. The OLT group was characterized by significantly higher anxiety scores (p<0.001) compared to the general population. Depression and summation scores did not differ (p>0.05). Dispositional optimism was higher in the OLT group compared to the waiting group (p<0.05) and to the general population (p<0.01). The waiting group had equal values as the general population (p>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Besides beneficial effects on liver function, OLT appears to be associated with significant improvements in depression and anxiety and a more optimistic view of life.

Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Liver Transplantation, Waiting Lists

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

02 Apr 2024 : Original article  

Liver Transplantation from Brain-Dead Donors with Hepatitis B or C in South Korea: A 2014-2020 Korean Organ...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943588  

02 Apr 2024 : Original article  

Effect of Dexmedetomidine Combined with Remifentanil on Emergence Agitation During Awakening from Sevoflura...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943281  

03 Apr 2024 : Review article  

Alternative Therapies in Transplantology as a Promising Perspective in Medicine

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943387  

15 Apr 2024 : Original article  

Physical Activity Levels in Transplant Recipients

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.944101  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article  

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

12 Jan 2022 : Original article  

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

22 Nov 2022 : Original article  

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358