Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

26 April 2016 : Original article  

Bone Mineral Density and Bone Turnover Markers Under Bisphosphonate Therapy Used in the First Year After Liver Transplantation

Ewa Nowacka-CieciuraABCDEFG, Anna SadowskaAB, Marek PacholczykA, Andrzej ChmuraA, Olga TroninaB, Magdalena DurlikADG

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.895413

Ann Transplant 2016; 21:241-249

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Rapid bone loss occurs early after liver transplantation (Tx), concomitantly with intensified bone turnover. In the present study we investigated the effect of bisphosphonates (bisph) added to vitamin D (vitD) and calcium on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone biomarkers in liver graft recipients in the first posttransplant year.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 28 patients BMD was determined at the third month after Tx. In case of osteopenia (Tscore ≤–1.0) and no contraindications, oral bisph was started for 1 year (group BP, n=14); other patients served as controls (CON, n=14). The changes in BMD and biomarkers of bone formation were osteocalcin (OC), bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP), and resorption. Study endpoints were active isoform 5b of the tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP5b), serum pyridinoline crosslinks (PYD), and urine excretion of deoxypyridinoline (Dpd) crosslinks.

RESULTS: In 19 (68%) patients, reduced BMD (T-score ≤1.0) was observed at baseline. The changes in lumbar BMD in BP and CON groups were 5.2% and 1.5%, respectively, not reaching statistical significance. Baseline PYD, Dpd/creat, and OC were elevated in all patients, indicating high bone turnover. We observed decrease in PYD and Dpd/creat in both groups; however, OC decreased only under bisph therapy. Increase in BAP was observed in the control group but not in the BP group. The changes in BAP and OC were significantly different (p<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Combining bisph with vitD and calcium is an effective bone- sparing strategy in liver transplant recipients in the first posttransplant year. Bisph more efficiently decreased the rate of bone turnover than vitD and calcium alone.

Keywords: Bone Density, Bone Density Conservation Agents, Liver Diseases, Osteoporosis, Osteoporotic Fractures, Vitamin D

0 Comments

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

17 June 2022 : Case report  

Extrapulmonary Manifestations of SARS-CoV-2: A Report of 3 Cases and a Literature Review

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.935874  

12 April 2022 : Letter/Correspondence  

Pancreas Allograft Thrombosis as a Post-COVID-19 Complication in a Diabetic Patient After Pancreas Transpla...

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935863

12 November 2021 : Original article  

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: A Case-Control Study

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933152

26 October 2021 : Original article  

Safety of Antithymocyte Globulin Use in Kidney Graft Recipients During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933001

In Press

23 Jun 2022 : Original article  

Evaluation of Deceased Donor Kidney Transplantation in the Eurotransplant Senior Program in Comparison to S...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.936514  

21 Jun 2022 : Case report  

Extrapulmonary Manifestations of SARS-CoV-2: A Report of 3 Cases and a Literature Review

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.935874  

20 Jun 2022 : Original article  

The Association Between Tacrolimus Levels and Hyperkalemia in Allograft Recipients Who Underwent Heart or L...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.935607  

15 Jun 2022 : Original article  

Donor CYP3A5 Expression Decreases Renal Transplantation Outcomes in White Renal Transplant Recipients

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.936276  

Most Viewed Current Articles

26 Jan 2022 : Review article  

Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation: Risk Factors and Predictive Models

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934924

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934924

29 Dec 2021 : Original article  

Efficacy and Safety of Tacrolimus-Based Maintenance Regimens in De Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Sys...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.933588

Ann Transplant 2021; 26:e933588

24 Jul 2020 : Review article  

Kidney Transplantation in the Times of COVID-19 – A Literature Review

DOI :10.12659/AOT.925755

Ann Transplant 2020; 25:e925755

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358