Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

19 April 2016 : Original article  

Long-Term Outcomes of Kidney Transplant Recipients with Bladder Dysfunction: A Single-Center Study

Dushyanth SrinivasanABCDEF, John T. StoffelACE, Amit K. MathurACDE, Steven KapelesAC, Kori BradleyABC, Randall S. SungADE

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.895975

Ann Transplant 2016; 21:222-234


BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes of kidney transplantation recipients with bladder dysfunction or prior bladder surgery are not well characterized.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Electronic records of 1753 recipients of kidney-alone transplant between January 2000 and December 2008 were reviewed. We found that 1652 recipients had normal bladder function, 80 had bladder dysfunction, and 21 had bladder substitute or urinary diversion. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and multivariable regression modeling were performed to determine survival outcomes.

RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier graft survival (p=.11) and patient survival (p=.18) were lower in recipients with bladder surgery but not statistically significant. Multivariate analysis demonstrated inferior graft survival (HR 3.57, 95% CI 1.06–12.1, p =0.04) and a trend towards inferior patient survival (HR 3.19, 95% CI .71–14.5, p=0.13) in reci­pients with bladder surgery. The major cause of graft failure was chronic rejection for normal function (17.1%) and bladder dysfunction (28.5%), and infection for bladder surgery (28.5%). Post-operative urinary infectious and surgical complications were higher in recipients with bladder dysfunction (35%) and substitutes (52.3%) compared with normal function (12.8%).

CONCLUSIONS: Kidney transplant recipients with prior bladder surgery have an increased risk of graft failure and an increased risk of infectious urinary complications. These risks should be considered in recipient selection and post-transplant management.

Keywords: Graft Survival, Kidney Transplantation, Urinary Bladder Diseases

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

12 Feb 2024 : Original article  

No Prognostic Impact of Graft-to-Recipient Weight Ratio on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence Following Li...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.942767  

21 Feb 2024 : Original article  

Use of LCP-Tacrolimus (LCPT) in Kidney Transplantation: A Delphi Consensus Survey of Expert Clinicians

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943498  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article  

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

12 Jan 2022 : Original article  

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

22 Nov 2022 : Original article  

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358