Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation Logo Annals of Transplantation

05 May 2017 : Original article  

Long-Term Outcome of Liver Resection Versus Transplantation for Hepatocellular Carcinoma in a Region Where Living Donation is a Main Source

Pil Soo Sung1ABCDEF, Hyun Yang1BCD, Gun Hyung Na2D, Seawon Hwang1B, Donghoon Kang1B, Jeong Won Jang3D, Si Hyun Bae1D, Jong Young Choi1D, Dong Goo Kim2D, Seung Kew Yoon1ADE*, Young Kyoung You2ADE

DOI: 10.12659/AOT.904287

Ann Transplant 2017; 22:276-284

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to define the best curative strategy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a hepatitis B virus (HBV)-endemic region where living donation dominates the type of cadaveric donation for liver transplantation (LT).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort comprised those patients whose clinical course could potentially be traced for at least 10 years. We found 262 HCC patients who had undergone curative surgical treatment from March 1997 to August 2006. Among these patients, 156 were treated with liver resection (LR) (R group) and 106 patients underwent LT (T group, 100 patients with living donor). Tumor characteristics, overall survival (OS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were analyzed.

RESULTS: Postoperative mortality was not significantly different between the groups, whereas recurrence rate during the study period (until August 2016) was higher in the R group (56% in the R group versus 19% in the T group, p<0.001). The 10-year and 15-year OS and RFS were better in the T group. Subgroup analysis with patients having solitary and £5 cm tumor by preoperative imaging showed that the 10-year and 15-year OS and RFS were much better in the T group, irrespective of their preoperative liver function defined by MELD score. In the T group, resection as the surgical procedure and tumor size on histology were poor prognostic factors for RFS. Importantly, this superiority of LT over LR in OS and RFS applied only to the patients with relatively low preoperative alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels (AFP <100 ng/mL), because patients with higher levels compared with lower levels of AFP tended to have more recurrent tumors after LT, but not in the case of LR during long-term follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, LT was associated with better survival outcomes than resection in patients with HCC in Korea, where living donation is a main transplant source.

Keywords: alpha-Fetoproteins, Liver Transplantation, Recurrence

Add Comment 0 Comments

In Press

12 Feb 2024 : Original article  

No Prognostic Impact of Graft-to-Recipient Weight Ratio on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence Following Li...

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.942767  

21 Feb 2024 : Original article  

Use of LCP-Tacrolimus (LCPT) in Kidney Transplantation: A Delphi Consensus Survey of Expert Clinicians

Ann Transplant In Press; DOI: 10.12659/AOT.943498  

Most Viewed Current Articles

05 Apr 2022 : Original article  

Impact of Statins on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Living-Donor Liver Transplantation

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935604

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935604

12 Jan 2022 : Original article  

Risk Factors for Developing BK Virus-Associated Nephropathy: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of ...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.934738

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e934738

22 Nov 2022 : Original article  

Long-Term Effects of Everolimus-Facilitated Tacrolimus Reduction in Living-Donor Liver Transplant Recipient...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.937988

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e937988

15 Mar 2022 : Case report  

Combined Liver, Pancreas-Duodenum, and Kidney Transplantation for Patients with Hepatitis B Cirrhosis, Urem...

DOI :10.12659/AOT.935860

Ann Transplant 2022; 27:e935860

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358
Annals of Transplantation eISSN: 2329-0358