eISSN 2329-0358


Get your full text copy in PDF

Outcomes of renal transplantation in recipients with peak panel reactive antibody >30% under tacrolimus-based immunosuppression

Amit Basu, John Falcone, Igor Dvorchik, Henkie P. Tan, Kristine Schonder, J. Wallis Marsh, Adriana Zeevi, Abhinav Humar, Ron Shapiro

Ann Transplant 2011; 16(3): 5-13

ID: 881988

Background:    Renal transplant recipients with high panel reactive antibodies (PRA) have worse outcomes than those with lower PRA. High PRA re-transplant recipients are thought to have worse outcomes than high PRA first transplant recipients. In this study, we examined outcomes of renal transplantation recipients with a peak PRA >30% and compared the outcomes of first and re-transplanted recipients.
    Material/Methods:    Survival outcomes between recipients of first transplants (n=68) and re-transplants (n=155) operated between June 1990 and August 2000 were compared. Sub-group analysis was done based on patient’s gender, race and first/re-transplant. All patients received tacrolimus-based immunosuppression.
    Results:    No difference in graft survival was noted between first and re-transplanted patients. Ten-year patient survival was better in the re-transplanted group (p<0.004). Factors affecting patient survival on univariate analysis were age >55 years (p=0.015), deceased donor transplant (p=0.009), first transplant patient (p=0.004) and diabetes mellitus (DM) as the cause of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) (p=0.005). On multivariable analysis, factors affecting patient survival were number of the transplant (re-transplant versus first transplant, Relative risk [RR]=0.54, p=0.009) and cause of ESRD (DM versus no DM, RR=1.91, p=0.012).Diabetes as a cause for ESRD was the only factor affecting graft survival on univariate(p=0.015) and multivariable analysis (DM versus no DM, RR=1.63, p=0.017).
    Conclusions:    High PRA recipients of first transplants had poorer patient survival than high PRA re-transplants. On multivariable analysis, diabetes etiology of ESRD and first transplantation were found to be independent risk factors for poorer patient survival.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree